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The Cuba Files

Cuba Files is where FOS will bring to our readers political commentary, observations and articles from the Cuban press.  Fidel's Reflections will be front and centre as well as the insightful observations of Manuel E. Yepe[1] and the official statements of the government and its leaders.

The experience of the Cuban Revolution is rich in lessons for all people resisting imperialism including the people of Canada.

The Cuban people, under the leadership of the Communist Party of Cuba have overcome tremendous adversity since January 1, 1959 after throwing US sponsored Batista from power.

The Cuban people have for 50 years successfully defended their revolution, rebuffed US organized invasion, defied a US illegal blockade and US sponsored terrorism.

Asserting their sovereignty over all of the wealth of their island, the Cuba people have foiled all attempts to isolate and undermine the Cuban socialist economy. Through their own efforts the people, fully utilizing their power over the state, have created a truly human society, deeply conscious of its rich revolutionary, artistic and political history and done so in close harmony with nature.

The Cuban Revolution has defended the honour, sovereignty and dignity of the Cuban people. The internationalism of the Cuban people is not only proclaimed, it is quietly and modestly demonstrated in generous and effective aid and support for all people confronting imperialism and natural calamities.

The Cuban revolution has made significant and creative and universally adaptable advances in public health, medical science, advanced higher education in the all its many disciplines and is sharing that rich experience with the all of the people struggling to emerge from imperialist subjugation.

Solidarity and support for the Cuban Revolution is in the best interests of people everywhere who seek an alternative to capitalism in the imperialist era.

Write to the Cuban 5

The Bolivarian Revolution and the Antilles

Reflections by Comrade Fidel
From: Embassy of Cuba in Greece,
February 7, 2010

I was fond of History, as much as almost any other kid. And I also liked wars, a sort of culture that society used to sow among boys. All the toys we were given were toy guns.

Being a child I was sent to a city where no one ever took me to the movies.  Television did not exist then, and in the house where I lived there was no radio.  Imagination was my only resort.

At my first school as a boarding student I read in wonderment about the Flood and Noah’s Ark. Afterwards I realized that this was perhaps a vestige of the last climate change in the history of our species that humanity preserved. Very likely this was the end of the last glacial period, which supposedly took place thousands of years ago.

As was to be expected, further on I eagerly read the history of Alexander, Cesar, Hannibal, Bonaparte and, of course, every other book that fell into my hands about Maceo, Gomez, Agramonte and other great soldiers who fought for our independence.  I was not cultured enough to understand what was that which underlay history.



Reflections by Comrade Fidel
From: Embassy of Cuba in Greece, Monday, 25 January 2010

In my Reflection of January 14, two days after the catastrophe in Haiti,  which destroyed that neighboring sister nation, I wrote:  “In the area of healthcare and others the Haitian people has received the cooperation of Cuba, even though this is a small and blockaded country.

Approximately 400 doctors and healthcare workers are helping the Haitian people free of charge. Our doctors are working every day at 227 of the 237 communes of that country. On the other hand, no less than 400 young Haitians have been graduated as medical doctors in our country. They will now work alongside the reinforcement that traveled there yesterday to save lives in that critical situation. Thus, up to one thousand doctors and healthcare personnel can be mobilized without any special effort; and most are already there willing to cooperate with any other State that wishes to save Haitian lives and rehabilitate the injured.”


The Threatening Dangers

Reflections by Comrade Fidel

Embassy of Cuba in Greece
March 9, 2010

It is not an ideological issue related to the definitive hope that a better world is, and should be, possible.

It is a known fact that the homo sapiens has existed for about 200 thousand years, which is no more than a tiny span of the time passed since the emergence of the first basic forms of life on our planet approximately three billion years ago.

The answers to the unfathomable mysteries of life and nature have fundamentally been religious. It would be senseless to pretend otherwise and I am convinced that it will forever be this way. The deeper science delves into the explanation of universe, space, time, matter and energy; the infinite galaxies and the theories of the origin of the constellations and the stars; the atoms and the fractions of them that made possible life and its briefness; the more questions man will have in search of ever more complex and difficult rationalizations.



Reflections by Comrade Fidel

From: Embassy of Cuba in Greece, Monday, 15 January 2010

The news reported from Haiti describe a great chaos that was to be expected, given the exceptional situation created in the aftermath of the catastrophe.

At first, a feeling of surprise, astonishment and commotion set in.  A desire to offer immediate assistance came up in the farthest places of the Earth. What assistance should be sent –and how- to a Caribbean nation from China, India, Vietnam and other countries that are tens of thousands of kilometers away? The magnitude of the earthquake and the poverty that exists in that country generated at first some ideas about probable needs, which gave rise to all types of promises that are possible in terms of resources that later on are tried to be conveyed through every possible way.




Reflections by Comrade Fidel

April 12, 2007

George W. Bush is undoubtedly the most genuine representative of a system of terror forced on the world by the technological, economic and political superiority of the most powerful country known to this planet. For this reason, we share the tragedy of the American people and their ethical values. The instructions for the verdict issued by Judge Kathleen Cardone, of the El Paso Federal Court last Friday, granting Luis Posada Carriles freedom on bail, could only have come from the White House.




Manuel E. Yepe
May 2010

The ascent and notable expansion of the Tea Party and its actions in many states in the U.S. bring about fear that fascism might become a reality in the nation, according to the fears of the most pessimistic political scientists.

It's called the “Tea Party” in English, a meeting or a gathering to drink tea. But the name recollects the significance of the so-called Boston Tea Party during the American Revolution, the assault that was carried out in 1773 by a group of citizens dressed as Indians in that city of the then-English colony of Massachusetts on three British ships anchored in port, as a protest against taxes on the importation of tea and the monopoly of the British East India Company over this valued product. Hundreds of chests containing tea were emptied into the water of the bay.



Manuel E. Yepe
May 2010

The two great disasters that nature had in store recently for Haiti and Chile, the no-less-sinister coup just a short time before in Honduras, together with the reaction of the superpower to these shocking situations, have raised justified fears that Latin America is fully involved in the application of the principles of the doctrine of disaster capitalism that writer, political scientist, and journalist Naomi Klein has denounced with so much international recognition.



By Manuel E. Yepe
January 27, 2010

Around mid-January this year, I was surprised to receive from an American friend of mine a copy of a spoof of The New York Times dated July 4, 2009.

Since it arrived out of the blue, I came within an inch of tossing the outdated copy on top of the pile of old newspapers we use at home to wrap up garbage. However, I decided to take a quick glance through it first just in case there was something my friend in the U.S. wanted me to read.



Manuel E. Yepe
December 9, 2009

“The marriage of communism with nationalism in Latin America provides the greatest danger faced thus far by the region and by U.S. interests. U.S. public and private institutions must get involved in educating community leaders and the communications media about the nature of the Marxist-Leninist strategy adapted by the nationalists to themes of underdevelopment.”



Manuel E. Yepe
July 17, 2009

The events unleashed by the coup ousting Honduran president José Manuel Zelaya have yet to produce a clear outcome; nevertheless, the event is teaching the people of Latin America some important lessons about how old issues will be handled in these new times.



Manuel E. Yepe
March 10, 2009

An October 2007 article in The Wall Street Journal intended to deprecate Ernesto “Che” Guevara on the 40th anniversary of his assassination in Bolivia. Instead, the article was an unintentionally eloquent description of his significance in the Americas.

The article, headlined “Forty years after, the shadow of Che still falls over Latin America,” reveals why the empire pursued Che with so much malice and assassinated him with so much hatred. Che was construed as the “ideologue of communism and the armed revolution against the West in the Third World,” too revolutionary even for Cuba, thus motivating Fidel Castro to send his great revolutionary collaborator abroad to promote the revolution in other countries.



Manuel E. Yepe
May 2010

The latest federal budget request submitted to Congress by President Obama includes a large increase in spending for nuclear weapons. Such an increase contradicts Obama's speech in Prague last April when he seemed to signal a commitment to significant nuclear disarmament. Now it's a question of whether Congress will reject the Obama budget request - a strategy it used more than once to keep President George W. Bush from pursuing new nuclear weapon programs.



Manuel E. Yepe
December 5, 2008

Now that the United States has managed to get a “different” president, some old conflicts begin to show different nuances.

Wal-Mart, the U.S. giant that operates retail chain-stores, mobilized all its store managers and department supervisors in the country to warn that if Democrats won the presidential election in November 2008, federal law would inevitably change to make it easier for workers to unionize companies -- including Wal-Mart.



Manuel E. Yepe
November 14, 2008

That a non-white, non-WASP American has been elected president of the U.S. for the first time in history goes beyond the superpower’s global policy or any consideration related to Obama’s skin color or ethnic group. What matters is that it raises hopes for an end of the ferocious hostilities toward the revolutionary project embraced by our people as the crowning achievement of an independence struggle started 140 years ago against Spanish colonialism.



February 2, 2008

Vietnam and China are countries led by communists but they are not anti-US like Cuba is. That is the reason why this Caribbean island should be placed in the pantheon of nations under the most rigid trade controls.

That was the explanation given by US Secretary of Commerce Carlos Gutiérrez, addressing the United States Wheat Association (USW) to its board meeting in the capital of that country on February 12, 2008.



Manuel E. Yepe
January 22, 2008

The degree to which the imperial syndrome blinds the outlook of U.S. politicians of every leaning and level can be appreciated in the present inauguration of a new government that was called to rectify the errors made by the departing administration, which have plunged the country into the worst discredit and unpopularity.

For many reasons, the incoming president is evidence of the desire for change that ranks foremost among the citizens of that nation.




Yepe is a lawyer, economist and professor of the International Relations Institute of Havana.

The author is a retired Cuban foreign ministry official whose writings appear regularly in Granma and other official publications here on the island. He formerly worked closely with Cuba's early and perhaps best-known Foreign Minister, Raul Roa, after whom the Cuban foreign ministry's training school is named. Among his previous assignments, he also directed Prensa Latina, the Cuban news agency.

Yepe began his revolutionary activity in 1955 in the July 26th movement in Matanzas province. Now retired, Yepe continues activity teaching at ISRI, the training academy for Cuban and other diplomats. He publishes regular commentaries such as this, written for the Cuban and the inter-national media.

In this section Yepe's writing and sharp political commentary, observations and revolutionary socialist world view is highlighted.   Focus On Socialism brings Yepe's work in an ongoing effort to bring the struggles and observations of the Cuban people for peace and progress.